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Abstract


IMPACTS OF WESTERNIZATION ON TURKISH PAINTING OSMAN HAMDI BEY- VASILIY VERESHCHAGIN
In 18th and 19th century the political and the cultural interactions between Ottomans and Russians considerably improved. In order to prevent the decedance of the Empire Ottomans started to have a close look to Europe for the scientific improvements. This so called “Westernizing Movements” at this period also caused to grow an interest in Ottomans in Western countries. They started to send artists and scientists with the ambassadors, as a natural result of these interactions. The European culture and art began to influence especially the Otoman court art. During the Tanzimat period, the Western influences became more noticable. Painting exhibitions started to be held. The first fine art school opened in Istanbul. The art students went to the Western academies to study painting. Osman Hamdi Bey was the most ambitious student among them. While he was studying in Paris at Jerome’s studio, he met Russian painter Vereshchagin. Both painters were influenced by Oriantalist movement. It is possible to see the mystical atmosphere and the documentary value in their paintings.

Keywords
Osman Hamdi, Vasiliy Vereshchagin, orientalism, westernizing, Ottoman, Russian


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